Saturday, September 27, 2008

From Surat aal-Imran (3) :190 Part 1-

"In the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation/ succession of the night and the day are signs for those endowed with perceptive Hearts"

From the commentary of Ruzbehan Baqli
There is, in this verse, a subtle allusion which consists of Allah (swt) being described by grasping the Lights of His attribute of Azal ( past eternity) and the essence of Qidam (ancientness) in the emergence of His Divine Ability of instantiation (Qidrat) as evident in His Acts; this is proof (about Him) from Him to Him not coming from the creation and unrelated to it; since creation is nothing but a mere accident/ an occurrence that veils the vision of ancientness.

This is the rank (Maqam) of Ibrahim who in the most correct manner expressed his desire to see the Act of creation in the hope of grasping the purest Lordship.
Surat al Baqara 2:260
وَإِذْ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ رَبِّ أَرِنِي كَيْفَ تُحْيِـي ٱلْمَوْتَىٰ
"My Lord! Show me how you give life to the dead..."
Which is a far greater request than that of Mussa who never asked to see Allah without a medium.
Surat al-A'raf (7) : 143
وَلَمَّا جَآءَ مُوسَىٰ لِمِيقَاتِنَا وَكَلَّمَهُ رَبُّهُ قَالَ رَبِّ أَرِنِيۤ أَنظُرْ إِلَيْكَ
" He ( Mussa) said: My Lord, show me, let me look at you..."
What Ibrahim asked for is more comprehensive; it is the secret of the Taqdir *** (The exclusive Act of Allah assigning a measure of immutable destiny to each created "thing") and the secret of
Qidrah (Divine Ability, Power of instantiation (of bringing into form what existed in the Universe of Possibilities)).
Other aspects of this verse include the mention of:
1. The Heavens whence Signs ( Ayat) emerge; since the heavens are adorned with the Lights of His Majesty, and enveloped with the brightness of His Beauty. They are mirrors where the Truthful receive the Unveilings (kushuf), and they are the pathways of the Journeys of the Messengers (isra').....
Surat al Ana'am (6): 75
َكَذَلِكَ نُرِيۤ إِبْرَاهِيمَ مَلَكُوتَ ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلأَرْضِ
"Thus do we show Ibrahim the dominion of the Heavens and Earth" It is also through the Sun, Moon and Star, that He unveiled His Majesty to Ibrahim: [Surat al Ana'am (6):75-79]

2.The Earth location (Mawqe' where a thing falls) of the footsteps of the Truthful(s), the Prophets and the Messengers; it is where His Light radiates on those who are Observing (Muraqibun) and those who are witnessing ( al-Mushahidun). The Earth which is in the grasp of Force, the Grasp of His Al-Mightiness ('Izzat) in his saying :
Surat al Zumar 36: 67
وَٱلأَرْضُ جَمِيعـاً قَبْضَـتُهُ يَوْمَ ٱلْقِيَـٰمَةِ وَٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتُ مَطْوِيَّاتٌ بِيَمِينِهِ
"And on the Day of Resurrection the whole of the earth will be grasped by His Hand"

3. The Night The place ( Mahal where a thing lands and dwells) of the secret discourse ( Munajat) of the Knowers ( al'Arefeen), and of the unveiling of His Grandeur (Azamt) for He is the past-infinite ( al-Azel) presenting in the praiseworthy quality of Awe (Na'at al Hayba) to those who do not see anything except His Unicity ( al-Muwahidun).

4. The Day is the cause of gladness of the lovers, the place ( Mawdi', where something is placed) of expansion (Bast) for the ones who are longing ( al-Mushataqun), and the vision of His Majesty for the ones who are endowed of Insight ( al-Mubsirun), who see Allah in the mirror of the Universe through the Light of Power, the exaltedness ( Sana') of Divine Knowledge ( Ma'rifa). Those who saw the Witness (Shahed) before they saw the spectacles (Mashahed) as one of them stated:" Never have I looked at a thing without seeing Allah in it": 1) He showed those endowed with Hearts, which perceive the Truth ( Alibaa' al-Haqiqa), the Lights of His ACT (Fi'l) in the Heavens, the Earth, the night and the day 2) then he showed them the Lights of His Special Ability ( Qidra) in His Attributes 3) and He showed His Exalted Essence (Dhat) in the lights of its attribute.

In all the above, He (swt) states the chain of causation in an anonymous style [Inna], and thus makes the secrets of the meanings of the statement unable to be understood by others ( non-spiritual beings?) by [simply] using the word Ayat ( signs).


Junaid stated : " Whoever affirms Him through a chain of causation, he has affirmed other than He; for causation is linked to that which is the result of a cause- the greatness of Al-Haqq is far beyond that"

Al-Wasiti stated:" This verse is the difference between the knowledge of the regular people and that of the special people".

Al- Nasr Abadi stated: " Those who are not endowed with perceptive Hearts ( 'Uli-al-Albab) are not able to value what they see of the Heavens and Earth; for 'Ulu al-Albab are those who look at Creation with the eye of the Haqq-


- The exegesis of this most precious verse is to be continued from other commentaries-Inshallah.

May Allah (swt) accept and forgive me and my parents what has preceded of our wrongdoings- Ameen.

Laylatul Qadr 1429-

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